While cannabis plants contain numerous cannabinoids, there’s no doubt that THC and CBD are the most well-known of all. This is only natural, as they are the most prominent compounds in cannabis. THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis, whereas CBD (cannabidiol) has no psychoactive effects, and is known well for its calming elements and anti-inflammatory properties. There are a number of cannabis consumers who look for products that are either entirely THC or entirely CBD, and while such products can certainly be effective and enjoyable, it isolates the medical benefits that both cannabinoids have to offer. For some patients, the teamwork between THC and CBD can be key to finding the right medicine that would work for them.
The Entourage Effect
While THC and CBD both have their own unique benefits, they can be more effective when used together. The synergy that’s created by cannabinoids and terpenes working in tandem is known as the Entourage Effect. Medicines created with these THC and CBD ratios in mind are referred to as whole plant medicine. The entourage effect creates a great balance between the two cannabinoids; CBD can prolong the effects of THC by inhibiting the process of breaking down THC in the liver. CBD can also reduce or counteract the psychoactive effects of THC. Whole plant medicine can be a great option for some, as the psychoactivity can be lower for those who may not feel as comfortable with it, but still need the medical benefits that come from THC.
THC and CBD can be critically effective when used together. With that in mind, medical marijuana can come in a variety of products that have varying THC:CBD ratios. The ideal ratio for an individual is not only dependent on biological factors like physiology, medical conditions, and cannabis tolerance, but also on what effects a user is seeking.
THC & CBD
Ratios can be even, or lean THC dominant or CBD dominant. THC dominant products still cause psychoactivity (depending on tolerance level), but the CBD present can reduce some of the adverse effects of THC to create a more calming and pleasant feeling. Because THC has natural anti-inflammatory properties, this can be a great option for patients who feel comfortable with the slight effects of THC, while still having their pain managed.
Alternatively, there are a lot of different CBD dominant ratio options. Medicine with more CBD present is a popular option for those who want to feel very little to no psychoactivity at all. There are also cannabis products that are equal parts THC to CBD. The 1:1 ratio balances the cannabinoids and can create a balance between using medical marijuana to treat mental illness as well as physical illness. One of the most important things to consider, when determining which ratio might be best for you, is how you want your medicine to impact your daily life. Every medical marijuana patient is unique, so it’s beneficial to think about your daily life and experience with cannabis when deciding on which ratio might be best for you.
There is so much variety when it comes to medical cannabis, so patients should take the time to consider which ratios may be best for them. With all the possibilities that come from THC: CBD ratios, patients are able to experience the full flower entourage effect while having control over their medicine.